This post is about Malaria and its relation to Anemia. Malaria remains to be the biggest problem in public health around the globe. More than 3 billion people, almost half of the world’s population, are at risk of this left threatening disease, which is caused by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Those more vulnerable to the disease are young children and pregnant women.
Malaria is not only durable, but also preventable, and increased efforts have dramatically reduced the malaria burden in many parts of the world. Symptoms of malaria appear seven days or more after an infected mosquito bites symptoms that appear at first are;
- A fever with a temperature above 38 degrees.
- Muscle pain.
- Some patients may develop diarrhoea.
N/B: Having these signs and symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have Malaria, seek advice from a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Plasmodium falciparum is the most common type of malaria infection. To learn more about this type of malaria, Click here. If untreated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to a severe form of malaria, and then often lead to death. Persons with severe malaria, especially children frequently develop one of one or more of the following symptoms. Severe anaemia and respiratory distress because of metabolic acidosis or cerebral malaria.
The red blood cells will rupture and die. This rupture of red blood cells leads to the loss of red blood cells in the body. These can in, a severe stages, cause severe anaemia. This is how malaria is related to anaemia. To get a better understanding rate of the life cycle of malaria.
Diagnosis of Malaria
The most common diagnosis of the Malaria parasite is by examination of a drop of blood belonging to the patient whom we suspect of having Malaria under a microscope. The blood is spread out on a microscope slide and stained (Read more on staining). The most common stain used is the Giemsa Stain, which helps give the parasites a distinctive appearance.
Please note that Malaria is not the only cause of Anaemia, there are other types of Anaemia, for example, sickle cell anaemia. To have a better understanding of this, please read this article on Types of Anaemia.